“Photovoltaic meets poverty alleviation” is started in 2013, while it is developed in 2016. In the model of poverty
alleviation in various industries, the photovoltaic industry, which is equipped with new energy concepts, stands out.
Photovoltaic power generation is clean and environmentally friendly with reliable technique, and it is suitable for
large-scale centralized power plants.
It can also combine agriculture and forestry with various "photovoltaic" applications. Construction of distributed, centralized photovoltaic power station using farmer's courtyard, roof and rural barren mountain and hill to increase income of farmers and counties has become one of the most popular ways to alleviate poverty in provincial governments.
Photovoltaic poverty alleviation mainly includes centralized photovoltaic poverty alleviation and household photovoltaic power plant.
According to the natural conditions (the area of barren mountains and hills and the situation of farmers' houses) of the poverty-stricken
counties (families), the mode and site of photovoltaic poverty alleviation construction shall be selected according to local conditions. The
whole advancement and the key break-through method is selected.
County scale centralized photovoltaic poverty alleviation
The scale of the centralized photovoltaic power station at the county level is about 25kw. The county level photovoltaic power station in poor counties shall be built in barren hills, barren slopes and idle lands. Centralized targeted poverty alleviation power stations are constructed and managed by local governments, it can not only ensure the minimum income of the poor, but also realize the poverty alleviation in different places and expand the benefits of targeted poverty alleviation. On the one hand, through the innovation in cooperation mode, it can fully excavate the value of the preferential policies for the alleviation of poverty given by the state, and leverage more social capital participation; On the other hand, the target of poverty alleviation can be benefited in the current year, it also created a positive social atmosphere for the photovoltaic poverty alleviation, and effectively guaranteed the anti-poverty effect. By adopting centralized photovoltaic power station and commercial operation, it can enjoy timely subsidy funds, loan incentives, land concessions, unrestricted construction sites and other preferential policies.
Household PV poverty alleviation
From “transmission” to “generating”, in some national-level poverty-stricken counties, the target is screened poor users. In principle, the households photovoltaic power stations for poors are built on their roofs or courtyards, a small distributed photovoltaic power station with about 3 to 5kw is built on the roof of each house, to make income of farmers steadily increase, help low-income farmers to get out of the poverty, and ensure the targeted poverty alleviation and poverty reduction targets.
Normally, photovoltaic power stations can be operated for 25 years.
Take the 5kw distributed project as an example:
Area needed: 40-50 m2
Investment: about 50 thousand yuan
Annual generating capacity: about 6000 kilowatt-hours (4 hours per day in winter can generate 20 kilowatt-hours; 8 hours per day in summer can generate 40 kilowatt-hours)
On-grid price: 0.98 / kilowatt-hour
Annual earnings: 5880 yuan
Construction of 3-5kw photovoltaic power generation system in poor households can ensure a conservative average annual increment about 3000 to 5000 yuan, which can be a long-term fixed income for the poor.
Take the 25kw distributed small photovoltaic power station as an example, the required fund is 250 thousands, and the annual average increment of the county is about 30 thousands.
Take a 100MW centralized ground photovoltaic power station as an example, the required area is 3300 mu, the annual feed capacity is 120 million, the total investment is 0.8 billion and the construction period is 5 months, the investment payback period is 8 to 9 years, the annual sales revenue (output value) can reach 120 million yuan, and the profit and tax can reach more than 10 million yuan.
In accordance with the principle of "government guidance, social support", financing the photovoltaic projects from multi-channel, as for
the poor distributed project, national (province) special funds + municipal and county (district) government self-raised funds + photovoltaic
enterprises donate funds + contracting sector poverty alleviation mode can be considered in input. Centralized photovoltaic power station
can be funded by national (province) special funds + part funds obtained from county land transfer + photovoltaic enterprises donate funds
+ national policy concessional loans.
The ground centralized photovoltaic poverty alleviation power station and the Agriculture/Photovoltaic poverty alleviation power station can be raised by the financing subject and commercial investment enterprises designated by municipal and county, the rest will be financed by local development Banks and local agricultural development Banks.